This week: Referendum result and air strikes vote
Mr Robertson got a chance to experience for himself why people with sight loss need audio-visual announcements (AV) on buses, through playing a memory game, at the Labour Party Conference this week.
AV is essential for people with sight loss to live independently, yet only one fifth of the UK’s buses have AV. Without AV bus passengers with sight loss have to ask the driver to remember to tell them when they have reached their stop.
Finding out more about Guide Dogs’ work, Mr Robertson heard that 7 in 10 bus passengers with sight loss have been forgotten by a bus driver. For a sighted person, missing a stop is an annoyance, but for someone with sight loss, it is potentially very dangerous.
Mr Robertson commented:
“Remembering the journeys at Guide Dogs’ conference stand was a great way of emphasising how difficult it is for a bus driver to always remember to tell people when to get off. AV is such a simple solution and would ensure access for all to a form of public transport that is so vital to people’s everyday lives.”
James White, Campaigns Manager at Guide Dogs commented:
“Guide dogs do fantastic work getting people out and about safely, and the lack of AV acts as a real barrier to their independence. That’s why we’re urging politicians like Mr Robertson to call for the mandatory installation of AV on buses, something that is cheap to do.”
AV doesn’t just help people with sight loss – tourists, older people and infrequent bus users all find AV useful. Guide Dogs released their Destination Unknown report this September showing that nearly half of survey respondents said they would use the bus more frequently if it had AV.
I was moved by the very powerful speech Harry Smith, 91-year-old veteran NHS campaigner, made at Labour Party Conference. You can watch it here, or read it below.
Harry Leslie Smith, speaking in the Health and Care debate at Labour’s Annual Conference in Manchester, said:
I came into this world in the rough and ready year of 1923. I am from Barnsley and I can tell you, that my childhood like so many others from that era was not an episode from Downton Abbey. Instead, it was a barbarous time, it was a bleak time, and it was an uncivilized time because public healthcare didn’t exist.
Back then Hospitals, doctors and medicine were for the privilege few because they were run for profit rather than as vital state service that keeps a nations citizens and workers fit and healthy
My memories stretch back almost a hundred years and if I close my eyes I can smell the poverty that oozed from the dusky tenement streets of my boyhood.
I can taste on my lips the bread and drippings I was served for my tea. I can remember extreme hunger, and my parent’s undying love for me. In my heart
I can still feel my mum and dad’s desperation as they tried to keep our family save and healthy in the slum we called home.
Poor mum and dad, no matter how hard they tried to protect me and my sisters the cards were stacked against them because common diseases trolled our neighbourhoods and snuffed out life like a cold breath on a warm candle flame.
I still remember hearing while I played as a child on my street the anguished cries that floated from a window on my boyhood street. They were the screams from a woman dying from cancer who couldn’t afford morphine to ease her passage from this life.
No one in our community was safe from poor health, sickness and disease. In our home, TB came for my oldest sister Marion who was the apple of my dad’s eye. It is why her sickness and his inability to pay for her medicine or the best care broke his heart.
Tuberculosis tortured my sister and left her an invalid that had to be restrained with ropes tied to her bed. My parents did everything in their power to keep Marion alive and comfortable but they just didn’t have the dosh to get her to the best clinics, doctors or medicines. Instead she wasted away before our eyes until my mother could no longer handle her care and she was dispatched to our Work House infirmary where she died 87 years ago. Mum and dad couldn’t afford to bury their darling daughter so, like the rest of our country’s indigent she was dumped nameless into a pauper’s pit.
My family’s story isn’t unique; sadly, rampant poverty, and no health care were the norm for the Britain of my youth. That injustice galvanized my generation to become after the Second World War the tide that raised all boats.
It is why for me in 1945, after a long hard Great Depression and a savage and brutal war, at the age of 22 and still in the RAF I voted for the first time.
Election Day 1945 was one of the was of the proudest days in my life I felt that I was finally getting a chance to grab destiny by the shirt collar and that is why
I voted for Labour and the creation of the NHS.
As I stand here today, my heart is with all of those people from my generation who didn’t make it past childhood, didn’t get an education, grow as individuals, marry, raise a family and enjoy the fruits of retirement because they died needlessly and too early in another era of austerity. But my heart is also with the people of the present, who, because of welfare cuts and austerity measures, are struggling once more to make ends meet, and whose futures I fear for.
Today, we must be vigilant, we must be vocal, we must demand that the NHS will always remain an institution for the people and by the people. We must never ever let the NHS free from our grasp because if we do your future will be my past. I am not a politician, a member of the elite or a financial guru, but my life is your history – and we should keep it that way. So say it loud and say it clear in this hall and across this country: Mr Cameron, keep your mitts off my NHS.
SNP’s record on health
- Health secretary Alex Neil was caught red-handed meddling in the decision making process in his local health board area, NHS Lanarkshire.
- Labour lodged a vote of no-confidence which was backed by all the opposition parties.
- Spend on private healthcare has gone up by 37% under the SNP to over £80million in 2012/13.
- A&E waiting times are not being met – in March 2014, only five health boards achieved the waiting time standard of 98% of patients seen and admitted, transferred or discharged from A&E within 4 hours.
- Rather than supporting NHS Boards to achieve the targets, the SNP downgraded the 98% to an interim target of 95% – which is still not being met by all NHS Boards.
- The number of patients waiting four hours or more to be treated has almost trebled from 36,000 in 2008/09 to 104,000 last year.
- According to Audit Scotland in May – “Delays in A&E can be a sign of pressure across health and social care.”
- Cancer waiting times are not being met – the standard that 95% of patient should wait a maximum of 62 days from receipt of an urgent referral with a suspicion of cancer to first cancer treatment is not being met and the median wait is now 39 days.
- Patients and families face more anxiety and delays as a result.
- The out-going leader of Scotland’s doctors in June said of the NHS: “What I have seen over the past five years is the continuing crisis management of the longest car crash in my memory”.
- In March 2014, 89.6% of measurable patient journeys, were within 18 weeks, compared to 90.6% in March 2013. This is the first time national performance has dropped below the 90.0% standard since its introduction in 2011.
- Scandal of seven to 15 minute care visits.
- Delayed decision on banning the use of mesh implants by a year, which meant hundreds more women will have received them.
Labour’s record on health
- Between 1999 and 2007, Scottish Labour doubled per capita health spending, elevating it to record levels.
- By 2007, there were nearly 700 extra doctors and over 5,000 extra nurses. We addressed low levels of morale by increasing pay and introducing better working conditions.
- We made Scottish Health Boards more accountable, introducing a statutory requirement to consult with the public about changes to services, and ensuring local councillors sat on health boards to safeguard local democracy and accountability.
- We introduced free personal care for the elderly and quadrupled investment in support for unpaid carers, to £23.7 million.
- We led the UK in banning smoking in public places.
- We invested hundreds of millions of pounds in new hospitals and GP surgeries, resulting in faster and better treatment for patients across Scotland. When we left office:
- Waiting times were at their lowest level ever in Scotland, with half of all NHS patients experiencing no wait at all and seven out of ten patients treated in less than 3 months;
- All hospital in-patients were treated within 18 weeks (a target achieved a year ahead of schedule);
- The delayed discharge of patients had been reduced by 73% since 2002;
- Patients were guaranteed an appointment with a GP or nurse within 48 hours;
- Nurse-led advice was available 24 hours a day.
- Significant progress was made in tackling Scotland’s three “big killers” – cancer, heart disease and strokes. Between 1997 and 2007:
- Cancer deaths among under-75s fell by 15% ;
- Stroke deaths among under-75s fell by 40%;
- Heart disease deaths among under-75s fell by 45%
- Our approach to improving Scotland’s health focused on prevention:
- We enhanced pre and post-natal support, and became a world leader on breastfeeding by making it an offence for a mother to be stopped for breastfeeding in public;
- We provided free water and fruit in nursery education, as well as supervised tooth brushing;
- We introduced the Hungry for Success healthy school meals programme, underpinned by legislation guaranteeing nutritional standards in school meals.
- We removed all branding from vending machines.
SNP’s record on education
- The SNP have not released the full costings for their ‘flagship’ childcare proposals, they refuse to publish their modelling and they have delayed the date for increased childcare provisions for vulnerable 2 year olds (the legal duty date as set out in the CYPB).
- The SNPs focus on hours is at the expense of quality and flexibility.
- The SNP have cut pre-school, primary school and, in particular, secondary school spending in real terms since 2007 (-8.1%, -2.6%, -8.6% respectively).
- The SNP have presided over a real terms decline in spend on teachers with 4,000 teachers lost from Scottish class rooms since 2007.
- The implementation of CfE put teachers and pupils under unreasonable pressure.
- There has been a decline in numeracy attainment under the SNP.
- The SNP have failed to tackle the attainment gap between young people from most deprived areas and the least deprived areas (in numeracy, literacy, overall tariff score and positive follow up destination).
- Care leavers have been failed by the SNP (care leavers attainment and positive follow up destination are significantly lower than for all school leavers).
- SNP has maintained the higher education budget, but only at the expense of the further education budget, which has been slashed by around £67 million in real terms.
- College learning hours have been cut by 10 million hours in the last 3 years.
- There has been a 37 per cent decrease in college student numbers (headcount) since SNP came to power in 2007. As a result 140,000 people have lost out on going to college.
- 25 – 59 year olds have suffered the most, but no age group has been unscathed by SNP indifference to colleges.
- The SNP have significantly reduced grant support for students resulting in a considerable increase in student debt, particularly for students from the lowest income homes.
- Low income university students in Scotland receive the lowest amount of grant in the UK. Low income university students in Wales receive £5,161; in Northern Ireland they receive £3,475; in England they get £3,387 but in Scotland the same group of students only receive £1,750. The SNP’s White Paper has made no mention on the issues of student grants.
- Student lending, and therefore student debt, was 58% higher last year than the previous year, rising by £159m from £277m to £436m.
- Under the SNP Scotland has the highest proportion of students dropping out of university in the UK (2012 figures).
- Scotland has the lowest percentage of university entrants from the poorest backgrounds (26.2%), and the lowest proportion of entrants from state schools (86.9%) in the UK.
Labour’s record on education
- When we left office in 2007 universal free early years education had been introduced, with all Scottish 3 and 4 year-olds entitled to 412.5 hours of free childcare per year.
- The biggest school building programme in Scotland’s history was underway – over the course of two parliaments, we built 320 new and refurbished schools.
- Scotland’s teaching workforce had increased by over 2,000, with 53,000 in post by August 2007.
- Class sizes in primary schools had been reduced to 30 pupils or fewer.
- The importance of teachers was recognised and valued – average salaries increased by more than 30% between 1999 and 2007, and new avenues were opened for career development within the profession.
- Teachers were given the freedom to teach, with more classroom assistants, learning support staff and increased levels of administrative support alleviating the bureaucratic burden.
- By age 15, young Scots were amongst the World’s best in literacy, numeracy and science.
- The Educational Maintenance Allowance had been introduced to help pupils in difficult financial circumstances stay in education.
- Scotland had the highest proportion of young people entering higher education in the UK, and one of the highest levels in Europe.
- Spending on higher education had been significantly increased, including a 400% increase in university capital budgets, helping them to modernise and become internationally competitive.
- Paid maternity leave had been increased from 13 weeks in 1997 to 39 weeks in 2007.
SNP’s record on infrastructure
- Under the SNP Government in 2013 the lowest number of homes was built since 1947.
- SNP slashed the housing budget and now 2,000 more households are living in temporary accommodation.
- The SNP Government voted against Labour’s amendments to make the Living Wage a requirement for workers when firms bid for public sector contracts.
- John Swinney axed Glasgow Airport Rail Link, a major transport project that would have boosted the economy and created jobs. It was later revealed that cancelling GARL cost £30 million.
- Dualling of A9 was a flagship manifesto pledge which they have failed to deliver and other transport projects such as Borders railway and EGIP are significantly delayed and Caledonian sleeper franchise award has been disastrous.
- Weak Procurement Reform bill – which failed to outlaw blacklisting or prevent the use of zero hours contracts on public sector workers.
- Refused to include a cap on rent increases in their Housing bill, this would have given protection to thousands of people who rent their home across Scotland.
Labour’s record on infrastructure
- In Government, we invested significant funds in Scotland’s rail network, resulting in new lines, new rolling stock, enhanced safety measures and improved timetabling. By 2007, rail passenger numbers were at their highest level since 1964.
- We commissioned the Airdrie-Bathgate line, the Stirling-Alloa line [recommend remove ref to S-A line; this line has had a high number of problems since it opened], and the Waverley Station upgrade.
- We also delivered free Scotland-wide bus travel for older people and introduced a young persons’ concessionary travel scheme. We increased the number of bus passenger journeys after decades of decline.
- Recognising the difficulties faced by island communities, we introduced the Air Discount Scheme. As of 2007, almost 14,000 island residents had benefited from this scheme.
- Our Route Development Fund created dozens of new direct air routes into Scotland, boosting the business and tourism industries.
- We provided funds to local authorities to pay for thousands of small-scale schemes to encourage walking and cycling, including crossings, pedestrian areas, cycle lanes or advanced stop signs.
- In 2002, Scottish Labour introduced the most progressive homelessness legislation in Europe, enshrining in statute our ambition to end homelessness. The Housing (Scotland) Act 2002, which required Scottish local authorities, as of January 2013, which gave all councils across Scotland a duty to provide ‘settled accommodation’ to anyone who is unintentionally homeless, led to significant investment in affordable housing and improved homelessness services.
4. LOCAL GOVERNMENT
SNP’s record on local government
- Alex Salmond’s Local Income Tax would cost a family with two people on an average wage £550 more a year than they pay now.
- Since the SNP came to power, every council in the country has had a real terms cut to funding. The effects can be seen in cuts to services, increased charges for local people and the loss of almost 40,000 jobs in seven years.
- SNP’s underfunded council tax freeze has seen councils either cut local services back or charge for previously free services.
Labour’s record on local government
- We ensured that local authorities had the necessary funds to provide essential services with year-on-year increases to the local government grant.
- Established a formal working agreement between ministers and councils based around parity of esteem and partnership.
- Created a framework was set up to improve strategy and efficiency through Community Planning and Best Value legislation.
- We gave local authorities a more prominent role in community leadership, placing the promotion of partnerships in delivery of public services on a statutory basis.
- Paved the way for the introduction of a proportional electoral system for council elections, based on the Single Transferable Vote (STV) system, and a change in the minimum age for standing as a councillor from 21 to 18.
5. SOCIAL JUSTICE
SNP’s record on social justice
- Child poverty has increased under the SNP, with 30,000 more children in Scotland living in poverty in 2012/13 than in 2011/12.
- 19 per cent of children in Scotland were living in relative poverty in 2012/13, an increase from 15 per cent the previous year. In 2012/13, there were 180 thousand children in Scotland living in relative poverty, 30 thousand more than in 2011/12.
- Scottish Government failed to act quickly enough to prevent hundreds of Scottish households being threatened with eviction as a result of the bedroom tax.
- For more than a year Scottish Labour called on the Scottish Government to make available the £20m that would mitigate the full impact of the bedroom tax in Scotland. John Swinney’s approach was to let households suffer rather than let the UK Government “off the hook”. It took the introduction of Jackie Baillie’s Protection from Eviction (Bedroom Tax) Bill for the SNP to act.
- Fuel poverty budget underspent despite 900,000 households living in fuel poverty.
- Energy Action Scotland estimate 900,000 homes were in fuel poverty in 2012.
- Fuel poverty is increasing as energy prices rise at three times the rate of inflation.
- The Scottish Government is not going to eradicate fuel poverty by 2016 -the target set out in the Housing (Scotland) Act 2001.
- Discretionary housing payments have in some areas been poorly used and our most vulnerable people have been prevented from accessing vital funds.
- The Scottish Welfare Fund has been substantially underspent, at a time when the need is self-evident. Ministers have been singularly incompetent at getting the money to the people who need it most.
- Accused of tokenism by promoting two female ministers to full Cabinet posts rather than replacing any of the male Cabinet male members.
- Failed to deliver 50% of women on public boards despite Ministers being responsible for all appointments and failed to meet the 40% target of the number of applications from women.
Labour’s record on social justice
- We showed what can be achieved when Governments at Holyrood and Westminster share the same aims and ideals. Working closely with our Labour colleagues at Westminster, Scottish Labour alleviated poverty and promoted greater equality, experiencing greater success in reducing poverty than the rest of the UK.
- Under Labour Governments at Holyrood and Westminster:
- Living standards rose, with Labour’s tax credits lifting thousands of Scots families above the poverty line;
- Between 1999 and 2007 200,000 more people found work under Labour in Scotland
- The number of pensioners living in poverty reduced from one in three in 1997 to one in ﬁve in 2007
- Long-term youth unemployment was virtually eradicated.
- After thirteen years of Labour Government in Westminster, there were 600,000 fewer Scottish children living in relative poverty (i.e. as compared to an average income) than in 1998-99. This represented the largest fall in child poverty of any EU country over the period. The number of children living in absolute poverty (i.e. in terms of the cash coming into the household) halved under Labour.
- The Labour-led Scottish Executive achieved a greater fall in child poverty than anywhere else in the UK. By 2007, Scotland had the lowest poverty rate of any region in the UK.
- We achieved this by focusing help where it was needed most, introducing:
- above inflation increases in the basic state pension and pension credit;
- free central heating
- the warm homes programme
- Free personal care for the elderly;
- The National Minimum Wage (which we subsequently increased);
- The Winter Fuel Allowance;
- Free nationwide bus travel for the elderly.
- Between 1997 and 2010, Labour managed not just to halt the seemingly inexorable rise in levels of child poverty, but was able through a concerted and determined effort to reverse this long-term trend.
- We ended years of discrimination and prejudice by repealing clause 28, which banned councils and schools from teaching and promoting homosexuality.
- We were ahead of the curve in our efforts to tackle financial exclusion, quadrupling membership of credit unions in Scotland.
- The Labour Government of 1997-2010 emphasized work as the best route out of poverty and towards prosperity. We didn’t do this by harrying and hectoring, but by giving people a helping hand, formulating the concept of “progressive universalism”, which ensured that whilst many people benefited from our policies, the poorest benefited the most.
- We invested heavily on initiatives to incentivise work, making it easier for people to enter and stay in the labour market (for example, lone parents), and helped to make work pay through the introduction of the minimum wage and tax credits to top up low wages:
- We introduced In-Work Credit which provided a weekly bonus to help lone parents in their first year back to work.
- We devised “New Deal” Welfare-to-work programmes for the young unemployed, lone parents, long-term unemployed, and partners of the unemployed. In addition to the New Deals, in Scotland we introduced employment programmes for ex-offenders and lone parents with complex needs.
- In order to alleviate the strain on working parents, we introduced a childcare element to Working Tax Credit, which meant that working families on lower incomes could claim back up to 80 per cent of the cost of a registered childcare place.
- In 1999 we increased the rate of Child Benefit for the first child in each family. We also replaced Family Credit with a more generous Working Families Tax Credit. A new Working Tax Credit was given to low paid workers regardless of whether they had children.
- We also introduced major changes to parental leave and pay, and rights to request flexible and part-time working, to make it easier for women with children to remain in work.
- Living standards rose, with Labour’s tax credits lifting thousands of Scots families above the poverty line;
In addition we:
- Increased income support for pensioners and extra benefits such as winter fuel payments.
- Established a more generous second state pension for low earners.
- Provided central heating for every socially rented home and re–insulated most socially rented homes through its warm homes programme.
- Introduced and allocated £16m towards the Rough Sleepers Initiative to assess the extent of rough sleeping and implement proposals to address those needs. As a result, by 2003 there was no need for anyone in Scotland to sleep rough.
SNP’s record on justice
- Justice Secretary claimed routine arming of police officers was an operational matter and should not be brought before parliament despite widespread outrage.
- SNP have closed local courts impacting on communities dependent on jobs and they have closed 61 police front counters effectively taking away local policing.
- Pushed through Offensive Behaviour at Football Act despite opposition from anti-sectarian groups including Nil by Mouth and community groups.
- Rise in number of people aged over 35 dying from drug use.
- Closed fire station control rooms and centralised the service meaning call takers are often unaware of local issues.
Labour’s record on justice
- Scottish Labour was committed to making our communities safer and achieving a fairer and more efficient justice system. Our major achievements in office included:
- A record number of police officers on Scotland’s streets: 1,500 more than in 1999;
- 20,000 fewer crimes recorded by the police in 2007 than in 1997;
- We established then expanded the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement agency giving them enhanced powers and resources;
- Communities across Scotland afforded new powers to tackle anti-social behaviour, with the introduction of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders, Dispersal Orders and Closure Orders.
- We undertook a root and branch review of the criminal justice system which reduced court delays and the use of unnecessary witnesses, and ended automatic early release from prison.
- We worked to keep dangerous weapons off the streets, leading the way on knife crime by affording the police additional powers to stop and search those suspected of carrying a knife. We also doubled the maximum sentence for those convicted and introduced a licensing scheme for the sale of non-domestic knives.
- We encouraged stronger links between the police and the communities in which they operate through Community Safety Partnerships.
7. ENVIRONMENT AND RURAL AFFAIRS
SNP’s record on the environment and rural affairs
- The Scottish Government has ruled out including agricultural business rates relief within the wider land reform.
- The Scottish Government still hasn’t supported Labour’s calls for extended community right to buy.
- The Scottish Government has achieved a hat trick of missed targets after latest climate change emissions reported a rise compared to the previous year. This is embarrassing for a Government that continues to herald the targets as world leading.
- Failure to take the step change needed has seen a rise in emissions and it is becoming increasingly clear that more action is desperately needed. The first three targets were the easiest for this government to meet yet they have missed all three, the next target must see a significant drop in emissions yet there are real concerns the Government hasn’t achieved this.
- Committee on Climate Change reported in March that the SNP were failing to meet their targets and they would either have to “revise their targets, or introduce more polices and proposals”.
- In recent years we have seen a reduction in food safety samples taken by councils (08/09 – over 16,000, 11/12 – 10,236).
- The number of food inspectors has dropped by over 50% since 2003, (170 to 75); there has been a 21% drop in the number of food safety officers employed by local authorities in past 4 years and a 11% fall in the number of environmental health officers.
- There is currently too much focus on our export market; we need to see a joined up strategy that links local produce to our export market, tackles food poverty and Scotland’s poor level of obesity, benefits our environment and ensures that public money is being used for public good.
- Announcing the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy the Scottish Government announced that they will only transfer 9.5% of funds from pillar 1 to 2 despite the potential to transfer up to 15%. Pillar 2 funds can be used to help rural communities and deliver environmental gains. In comparison Wales went for the full 15% and England decided on 12%.
- The Scottish Government’s wildlife legislation does not seem to be working, it is time for a full and frank review now rather than wait until next year.
- The 2013 air quality monitoring results found a high number of areas across Scotland are in breach of air quality safety standards.
- It was reported that air pollution is a contributory factor in over 2,000 deaths in Scotland annually.
- Recent reports highlighted that Edinburgh might not meet its target until 2020 (10 years late), whilst Glasgow might not reach theirs until 2025.
- The Scottish Government has a big role to play in ensuring that our planning and transport policies are robust enough to ensure a reduction in emissions and that Scotland’s targets are met, however we still waiting for them to bring forward their air quality action plan.
Labour’s record on the environment and rural affairs
- Land Reform was a central challenge of the early devolution period, and one which Scottish Labour did not shirk:
- We abolished Feudal Tenure, replacing it with a simple system of land ownership. In so doing, we removed 800 years of accreted legislation, the vast majority of which had become unnecessary and obsolete;
- We established new land access rights (the right to roam);
- We introduced the community right to buy, which has enabled rural communities to take responsibility for the land on which they live and work;
- We enhanced the rights of crofters and made it possible to create new crofts, allowing young people to enter crofting and helping to preserve a traditional way of life.
- As the Scottish Executive we passed legislation that ensured the protection of our nature and environment. This included the introduction of Scotland’s two, now world famous, National Parks in Loch Lomond and the Trossachs and the Cairngorms.
- We also introduced a biodiversity duty that applies to all Scottish public bodies and office holders and provided the Scottish Biodiversity Strategy a statutory basis. We also included proposals to strengthen the protection of Sites of Special Scientific Interests (SSSIs).
- We created a single all-Scotland public water authority in Scottish Water in 2002 through the merger of regional water authorities. The new body provides drinking water to over 2.2 million households, whilst also treating waste water before returning it to the environment. We also safeguarded public health by creating the post of Drinking Water Quality Regulator.
- Scottish Labour has always taken the issue of animal welfare very seriously. It was Scottish Labour that introduced a ban on fox hunting in Scotland, two years before a similar ban was introduced in the rest of the UK.
- Scottish Labour also passed legislation to ensure the ability of Scottish Ministers to prevent and react to the outbreak of infectious animal diseases such as foot and mouth.
- We introduced the need for keepers of animals to ensure the basic needs of their animals are met and making it illegal to sell an animal to a person under the age of 16. Following this Act the Labour led Scottish Executive also banned the docking of tails in all dogs.
- We introduced an aquaculture strategy in 2003 with the view to improving regulation of the sector in Scotland. From that strategy we passed acts such as Aquaculture and Fisheries which introduced new powers to control sea lice and escapes from fish farms. It also has a statutory underpinning of codes for good fish farming and shellfish farming practice.
- Even in opposition Scottish Labour has been pushing forward on environmental and rural affairs issues. We held the first Land Reform debate in Parliament since the SNP came into power in 2007 and forced them to re-launch their review group with a wider remit. We also held the first air pollution debate since SNP came into power. Following the recent and abhorrent killings of raptors in Scotland we passed a motion that would ensure the Scottish Government would conduct a review of wildlife legislation across the world with a view to strengthening our laws in Scotland.
8. FINANCE AND THE ECONOMY
SNP’s record on finance and the economy
- Unemployment remains high and of particular concern is the high youth unemployment rate which has failed to recover. Between 2008 and 2013, unemployment amongst 16-24 year olds in Scotland increased sharply, rising from 58,600 to 81,100.
- Underemployment continues to be an issue as people look to work more hours. In 2008 the level of underemployment was 174,500 but by 2013 it had risen to 243,100.
- The number of people in part-time jobs has increased by 47,571 since 2007 and the number of temporary employees has increased by 6,983.
- Compare Scottish and UK growth since the third quarter of last year Scottish growth has averaged 0.59% per quarter over the two quarters while UK growth is faster at 0.73% per quarter.
- Scottish Government refused to back Labour’s energy price freeze (which would save families an average of £120 a year and then failed to turn up on a vote on energy in the Commons.
Labour’s record on finance and the economy
- Devolution helped transform Scotland’s economy. Under Labour administrations at Holyrood and Westminster, Scotland’s economy grew every year between 1997 and 2007. More than 250,000 jobs were created, and by 2007 Scotland’s employment rate was better than the UK average, higher than every G7 country and the highest in the Euro zone.
- Labour established the National Minimum Wage. In 1997, 85,000 Scots earned less than £2.50; thanks to the introduction of the Living Wage, thousands of Scottish workers were lifted out of poverty.
- By 2007, Scotland’s financial sector employed 220,000, having grown by 36% between 2002 and 2007 – a rate of growth twice the level of the UK as a whole.
- We believe that those with the broadest shoulders should contribute most. Having already cut the basic rate of income tax, we introduced the new 50p additional rate of tax for those earning over £150,000 per year.
- We also introduced the one off Bankers’ Bonus Tax (the bank payroll tax) which generated £3.5 billion.
9. CULTURE, SPORT AND EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
SNP’s record on culture, sport and external affairs
- Alex Salmond refused to meet with the Dalai Lama but heaped praise on Nigel Farage and Vladimir Putin.
- Alex Salmond was the only senior politician who chose to meet with Rupert Murdoch, after it had been revealed Murdoch’s newspaper had hacked Milly Dowler’s phone. Mr Salmond welcomed Murdoch at Bute House for tea and biscuits in Edinburgh in 2012.
- In April 2010 an Audit Scotland investigation set out to review The Gathering’s financial management, including a decision by the Scottish Government to loan £180,000 to the organisers behind the event. It was revealed that the Scottish Government did enquire if the company could repay the loan before writing the cheque.
- Alex Salmond tried to keep secret the cost of his taxpayer funded luxurious hotel costs on his trip to the Ryder Cup in Chicago. He dismissed demands to reveal how much he spent at the five-star Peninsula Hotel as “ridiculous frippery”. A newspaper subsequently disclosed that the First Minister spent £3,000 for four nights with his wife in the hotel – paid for by the taxpayer.
Labour’s record on culture, sport, external affairs
- We enhanced Scotland’s cultural and sporting profile, more than doubling investment in cultural activities.
- We established the National Theatre of Scotland, and presided over successful campaigns to host the Ryder Cup and the MTV Europe Awards. We also laid the foundations for the (successful) bid to host this year’s Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.
- We recognised music’s potential to enhance children’s social, cultural and artistic development, establishing the Youth Music Initiative which entitled all school children access to a year’s free music tuition by the time they reached Primary 6.
- We built on Scotland’s historic links with Malawi by signing a co-operation agreement allowing us to align our devolved responsibilities with Malawi’s developmental requirements.
I recently attended the naming ceremony of the new HMS Queen Elizabeth. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth was there for the official naming.
This was a wonderful feat of engineering for all six yards, both north and south of the border. I want to pass on my congratulations to all those who worked on it, and in particular, the 2000 employees at Scotstoun yard.
The MP for Glasgow North West went to a reception at the Houses of Parliament on 2 July in support of Guide Dogs’ campaign to make sure all new buses have audio visual (AV) next stop announcements, which are vital for blind and partially sighted bus travellers.
The reception, which was addressed by Bus Minister Baroness Kramer, highlighted how announcements enable blind and partially sighted people to understand their location, and prevent them from missing their stops.
AV systems are only fitted to around one fifth of the bus fleet nationally, with the overwhelming majority of these buses operating in London.
Guide Dogs is calling for the Government to require all new buses be fitted with AV, as currently bus operators are under no obligation to include this technology when upgrading their fleet.
John Robertson MP said: “Blind or partially sighted people in Glasgow and across the UK are reliant on our buses, and we should be doing all we can to make public transport accessible to them. We all know the anxiety caused from ending up somewhere unfamiliar, and this can be all the more concerning to people with sight loss. I think this is an essential campaign from Guide Dogs.”
James White, Guide Dog’s Campaigns Manager, said: “Buses are a lifeline for people who are blind or partially sighted, and we welcome the support of John Robertson MP for people with sight loss to be able to travel safely and independently.”
“Without AV, bus travel for people with sight loss can be especially difficult, stressful, and dangerous when stops are missed and they end up in an unfamiliar area.”
“Safe and accessible bus services give people with sight loss much greater freedom to work, socialise and participate in the community.”
Today on Armed Forces Day people up and down the country will gather to recognise, remember and pay tribute to the sacrifices made by the British Armed Forces community.
Our Service personnel work around the world in some of the most dangerous situations to defend Britain’s interests and national security. Just like those before them, they do so with unequivocal commitment, enduring professionalism and resolute courage.
But the sacrifice associated with military life is rarely endured alone – we must not forget the impact on the friends and families of those who serve too. They provide invaluable support to loved ones away from home and the contribution they make to local communities should never be underestimated.
This week: Referendum news and Energy
With 99 days to go until the referendum, here are 99 reasons to say No Thanks on September 18th:
1. Keeping the shipyards open – It is fact that the UK does not build complex warships outside of the UK and so an independent Scotland would simply not get shipbuilding contracts from the UK, risking all the jobs on the Clyde.
2. We have a permanent seat on the UN Security Council – The UK is an important and influential player on the Security Council. The make-up of the permanent members is unlikely to change and so Scotland will be taking itself away from making the most important global decisions by separating from the UK.
3. Keeping the pound – There is no guarantee that Scotland would be able to keep the pound and even if it was, it would still have to follow the rules set by the Bank of England. So Scotland would have to play by the rules without having a say on them.
4. We are still a member of the EU – The President of the European Commission said it would be “extremely difficult, if not impossible” for a separate Scotland to join the EU. Some countries may try to block the application to stop separatists in their own country becoming independent. Even if we were able to reapply, reapplication could last until the 2020s, with years of us not benefitting from it.
5. No border control – Travelling between England and Scotland would mean going through controls in an independent Scotland and would have a negative impact on tourism and business. Scotland would also need to find the millions needed to create its own infrastructure for controlling its borders.
6. Part of world-class Armed Forces – UK Armed Forces and Defence industry are best in the world – we are safer and more secure if we work together as one, rather than breaking apart and trying in vain to recreate what we once had.
7. Control over immigration policy – An independent Scotland would, at best, hope to sign up to the Schengen agreement if a member of the EU, or a Common Trade Agreement with the rest of the UK. Either way, Scotland would have to follow the immigration policies set by its partners. At the moment, as part of the UK, Scotland has a say in this, but if independent, Scotland would have no seat at the table and would have to follow UK rules.
8. We are protected from oil shocks – Scotland’s oil and gas revenue has fluctuated between £2bn and £12bn a year – and in 2012-13 dropped by more than £4bn in one year alone. As part of the UK, we are protected from these drops in revenue.
9. A working pensions system – our UK pensions system is tried and tested, with 1 million Scots guaranteed pensions through the UK welfare system and the UK’s 31 million taxpayers. There are no credible plans to replicate this in an independent Scotland.
10. More affordable welfare spending – Benefit spending in Scotland is around 2% higher per head of the population than from the rest of Great Britain, millions of pounds per year extra relative to the rest of the country. This additional spending is more affordable because it is spread among 60 million people across the UK rather than 5 million in Scotland. An independent Scotland would have difficult decisions to make on welfare spending.
11. An ageing population – Scotland will have more pensioners and less people working than in other parts of the UK. There is a demographic timebomb and there would be cuts to pensions if we became independent and couldn’t rely on support from the rest of the UK.
12. No start-up costs – The UK Government calculates that independence would cost £1.5bn, while the SNP will not give any estimate. Everything from rebranding the stationary would cost money and we have to ask whether this is really a good use of our money.
13. Keeping our family ties – Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland are not separate countries. Our family and friends live across the whole of the UK, and 50% of Scots have close relatives in the rest of the UK. We should work to keep together in one nation, rather than driving a wedge between us.
14. A cross-border pensions system – Many private pension schemes are based in other parts of the UK. If Scotland became independent, EU rules mean they would have to fund schemes immediately rather than through a staged recovery pan, forcing these companies to find billions of pounds. Other countries in the EU have not had a special deal on this issue, and so it is unlikely Scotland would either.
15. An existing pensions system – An independent Scotland would need to set up and pay for a separate Scottish pensions regulator, a separate Scottish financial services compensation scheme, a separate National Employers Savings Trust for workplace pensions and a separate Payment Protection Fund (PPF) to protect workers when their company folds. This would be very expensive.
16. More opportunities for our young people – Our young people know that being part of a bigger country means they can travel around the UK with ease and get the best opportunities for them. It is better to be the small fish in a big pond, than the big fish in a small pond.
17. Global opportunities as part of the UK – The UK is respected around the world, and when we go abroad to work or study, that means something. People are impressed that we are from Great Britain, and want to encourage us to go there.
18. President Obama thinks we are Better Together – See what he said here.
19. Influential position in the EU – As part of the UK we are currently one of the ‘Big Three’ in Europe, meaning our voice counts. Scotland, if it were able to join, would join one of the many smaller countries, that are respected, but just don’t have the same influence.
20. Benefits from the EU rebate – As part of the UK, we benefit from the rebate, worth £135 per year per household. We negotiated that as part of a strong country, but Scotland would not be able to do that, costing more for Scottish households.
21. We have British citizenship – Under Scottish Government proposals, all Scottish people would automatically become Scottish, even if living outside of Scotland. This would be a very difficult model and could impose citizenship on people who do not want it. There has also been no estimate on how much it would cost to transfer all passports to Scottish passports.
22. Our EU rules are particularly good – We would have to renegotiate with the other 28 member states if Scotland had to reapply, and common sense says we will not get everything we want. The UK has negotiated extremely good terms, because of its size, but Scotland may get a bad deal on issues such as fishing and farming.
23. We do not have the Euro – Every new country that has joined the EU since the creation of the Euro has had to pledge to join it. There is no reason that Scotland would not also have to do this in its reapplication, if Scotland became independent.
24. Influential position in NATO – Like with other organisations, the UK is a powerful player in NATO, and part of the rights and responsibilities of this position is having nuclear weapons. SNP proposals, where Scotland could remain in NATO but get rid of Trident, are unrealistic. Even if Scotland was admitted to NATO, we would lose the influential position we currently hold.
25. We share the clean-up costs for North Sea Oil – When North Sea Oil runs out, the UK Government has put aside £20 billion to clean it up. If Scotland were independent, and Scotland owned the rigs, or some of the rigs, the Scottish Government would need to find billions for this clean-up.
26. Sharing welfare risks and resources – Being part of 60 million, rather than just 5 million, we can weather the storms when more people need, for example, unemployment benefits, and also pull together resources so that welfare is available on the basis of need, not nationality.
27. More money for public services – With the security and strength of the UK, we will have £1400 more per person to spend on public services than in an independent Scotland.
28. Cheaper energy bills – Energy bills could be up to £189 extra per household by 2020 in an independent Scotland.
29. Sir Alex Ferguson wants to stay in the UK – He said: “800,000 Scots, like me, live and work in other parts of the United Kingdom. We don’t live in a foreign country; we are just in another part of the family of the UK.”
30. Strong and stable energy market – As part of the UK, Scotland benefits from an energy industry which is strong and stable. The size of the UK economy, its integrated market, regulated regimes and scale of financial support provide a good investment environment and this is good for Scottish consumers.
31. UK Government investment in energy infrastructure – We benefit disproportionately from investment in energy infrastructure, in particular, renewable energy. Almost 30% of the UK total investment in network transmission is already being made by the UK Government to Scotland, despite the population of Scotland being around 8% of the UK. It is unclear whether Scotland would be required to resell the energy generated from this infrastructure back to the UK, which funded it.
32. More funding for our athletes – As Usain Bolt said, ‘Don’t Bolt from the blue, red and white’. Our athletes can go to the Olympics as part of Team GB, with all the investment that that brings. Since London 2012, we have done exceptionally well as a nation, with Scotland playing a disproportionately high part in that.
33. Benefits to medical research – As an example, Nobel scientist, Sir Paul Nurse, said that Scotland relies on money from the Medical Research Council, the Wellcome Trust and Cancer Research UK. He said it would be difficult to justify using this money if Scotland were independent and “it is by co-operating together that we achieve far more than we can ever achieve on our own”.
34. Lower shopping bills - In the UK, the cost of transporting groceries are spread across 63 million consumers, rather than 5 million in Scotland, meaning lower shopping bills. In an independent Scotland, shopping bills would be about 16% higher.
35. Keep zero VAT rate – In the UK we have zero rate of VAT on 54 areas of goods, such as children’s clothing, books and equipment for the disabled, because of a long-standing agreement with Europe, saving hundreds of pounds every year for Scottish families. However, there are strict rules on this for new countries joining the EU and during Scotland’s reapplication, it would not be able to keep the zero VAT rate.
36. A thriving Scotch Whisky industry – The Scotch Whisky Association has said that uncertainty over currency, tax and membership of the EU if Scotland leaves the UK means that independence would bring risks. This would threaten 35,000 jobs in Scotland.
37. A necessary credit union industry – There are 113 credit unions in Scotland serving 250,000 people. They are small organisations and benefit from a range of UK-wide initiatives that help them grow and remain competitive. They can transfer expertise and pool resources and separation could put that at risk.
38. We share a cultural heritage – The NHS was founded by a Welshman, the welfare state by an Englishman and the BBC by a Scotsman: all the things that make our country great. We have this history which shows that we can work together to do great things.
39. Outward and forward-looking country – The UK is known around the world for looking to the future and embracing the opportunities that the world has to offer. A vote for independence would signal that we are insular and are looking to the past, rather than embracing the future.
40. Encouraging overseas students – Foreign students are vital to the future of our universities, but students come to Scotland to come to the UK. They are attracted by the brand that is the UK and would be less interested in coming to country which is separate from that.
41. Member of G7 and G20 – We are members of these groupings and have an influential role within them. As the world changes, we always want a seat at the table. In the UK, we always have, but a small, independent Scotland is unlikely to be invited to organisations such as these.
42. Promotion of UK trade abroad – UK Trade and Investment is based in 169 offices in over 100 countries. We would be competing with UKTI and Scotland would need to start from scratch as an independent country.
43. Well-developed diplomatic service – As part of this service, we have influence and connections around the globe. The ‘yes’ campaign says Scotland would share UK embassies but it is not clear why the rest of the UK would be happy to do this and what benefits would be gained from this.
44. Better for growth – Scotland has had a high rate of growth as part of the UK compared to small, independent countries.
45. Many of our public bodies are shared across the UK – we would need to replace 200 UK public bodies that are currently performing functions in Scotland.
46. A united kingdom promotes exports from Scotland to England – Scotland exports twice as much to the rest of the UK as it does to the rest of the world combined, supported by a common business framework and a single domestic market.
47. We have a back-up in case something goes wrong – The UK Government spent £45 billion recapitalising RBS in 2008, and the bank also received £275 billion of state guarantees and loans. In total this support would have been twice the size of the whole Scottish economy in that year, including North Sea oil.
48. We benefit from research funding – Last year, Scotland secured 13% of UK Research Councils’ funding – £257 million – far in excess of our 8% share of the population.
49. We are part of national institutions – In the UK we share common institutions, like the BBC or the National Lottery charitable fund.
50. A chance for devolution – Scotland’s devolution settlement is flexible within the UK, with more powers for the Scottish Parliament being introduced. This includes the largest devolution of tax powers in our history from April 2016.
51. Ease for small businesses working across the border – Small businesses working across the border would be the hardest hit by a move to independence, facing significant costs through currency exchange and perhaps having to cross a border each and every day.
52. A boost to the financial industry – 200,000 people are employed in the financial industry but nine tenths of Scotland’s customers would be in a foreign country if Scotland were to become independent. Some companies have already made preparations to move to England if vote for independence.
53. Being Scottish but living in the rest of the UK – More than 830,000 people born in Scotland now live elsewhere in the UK. They are always able to return and keep their links with Scotland, but also know they benefit from being able to live outside of Scotland without any barriers in place.
54. We are not dependent on volatile oil prices – We don’t want to risk the budget for the NHS and schools on volatile oil prices
55. Work with other British cities – Scottish cities are part of the network of British cities, where they can work together to implement the best policies for all our cities. Cities like Glasgow have more in common with Manchester and Liverpool than much of the rest of Scotland.
56. Employers think we should stay in the UK – According to British Chamber of Commerce, 85% of employers want Scotland to remain in the UK.
57. Leading in international aid – We are proud to be part of world’s second largest donor of international aid and should be proud to play a part of that. In the large part our international aid is administered from DFID in East Kilbride and we should continue to work to end poverty around the world.
58. Setting the world’s human rights agenda – We are proud, as part of the UK, to be driving human rights around the world. We helped to set up the European Convention of Human Rights and, more recently, the UN Human Rights Council. We should be proud to play a part of this.
59. More jobs from UK companies - 360,000 jobs in Scotland are created by companies in the rest of the UK, not based in Scotland, and we couldn’t guarantee that those companies would keep jobs in an independent Scotland.
60. More jobs through exports - 240,000 jobs depend on exports to the rest of the UK. If there are barriers to exports out of Scotland, those jobs may be at risk.
61. It is the patriotic vote - It’s a vote for patriotism: we can be British and Scottish at the same time. And voting for Scottish jobs and Scottish prosperity is the most patriotic vote we can make.
62. The rest of the UK want us - The rest of the country want to keep Scotland in the UK: only 15% of English and Welsh want to see a split. The SNP want to split us and create a culture of ‘us’ vs. ‘them’, but we want to work together with our neighbours for a better world.
63. A ‘no’ vote is not a vote for the Tories – We can vote to get rid of a Tory Government on our own in 2015. An independent Scotland runs the risk of being run by the Tartan Tories, no better than the Conservatives, and if people want a right-wing Parliament, they will get it either way. But we can work together to get a Labour majority in the UK and in Scotland.
64. Lower costs for businesses – Separation would cost businesses 11 times more than their competitors in England if we do not share a currency; that’s £1,229 per business in Scotland compared to £109 in England.
65. £100m to Scottish universities - It would be discriminatory and illegal to continue charging tuition fees to students from the rest of the UK in an independent Scotland (if we were able to be part of the EU). This would cost £100m per year for Scottish universities.
66. A strong university sector – Scotland has more universities in the world’s top 200 per head than anywhere else on the planet and this couldn’t have been possible without the backing of the UK. Without a strong a stable economy, we won’t be able to support our universities.
67. We are well-educated as part of the UK – Scotland is the most highly educated country in Europe currently, so it is wrong to say we would be better off in an independent Scotland. We have the best of both worlds, where we can set our own educational goals, but are part of a bigger union that gives us the stability to be able to do that.
68. A seat at the table – The UK Parliament would still make the rules which affect Scotland if Scotland voted ‘yes’. Whether we kept the pound or not, economic decisions would have a huge impact on Scotland. Decisions on immigration would also have a knock-on effect. But there would be no Scots in Parliament to help make those decisions. We currently get the best of both worlds, but leaving the UK would mean we had to play by the rules but wouldn’t get the chance to make them.
69. Stability in the UK and the rest of Europe – Independence would lead to a “Balkanisation of the British Isles” according to Sweden’s foreign minister, leading to unforeseen chain reactions in both Europe and the UK.
70. It’s a big risk to leave – It is an irreversible decision – what if we don’t like what happens? What if we don’t like the constitution? Further devolution is inevitable, but independence is a huge risk.
71. A socialist proposal – Scottish separatism is insular and proposes that Scots get rich at the expense of men, women and children across the rest of the UK. As a Labour MP, I believe in sharing the risk and resources, rather than playing one side off against the other
72. Savings are protected – Savings are currently protected by a guarantee covering deposits of up to £85,000 in any UK bank or building society.
73. Better for Women in Business – 71% of the Tods Murray LLP Women in Business Network are in favour of keeping the union. The economy is central to how we break down barriers to equality and a better economy means more opportunities for women
74. Better workers’ rights – Through working together, we can ensure companies offer better rights across the UK (and a Labour Government will do this), rather than let companies across the border compete on a race to the bottom. We shouldn’t now be trying to divide the countries again and let companies exploit our workers.
75. More beneficial migration – Net migration between Scotland and the UK may fall from 40,000 a year to 10,000 according to the Treasury. This undermines the Yes vote argument that immigration will contribute to Scotland’s growth. Immigration is hugely beneficial to Scotland’s economy.
76. Signal to the world – If Scotland cannot get along with its closest neighbour, what signal does that send the rest of the world? Separation would dissuade international allies.
77. Lower mortgage repayments - As part of the UK we benefit from lower mortgage repayments, saving £1300 a year for those with a 75% mortgage, through spreading the risks across the UK
78. Lower credit card bills - As part of the UK we benefit from lower card bills and in an independent Scotland average credit cards, catalogue and store cards would rise by around £120 a year
79. Lower interest rates – Independent Scotland would face additional interest rate costs between 0.72% to 1.65% above the UK borrowing costs for 10 year debt, according to Dr Angus Armstrong, NIESR Director of Macroeconomic Research
80. Lower postage costs – It is far more expensive to deliver to the highlands than to Manchester or Birmingham. Through spreading the cost across the UK, we are able to keep postage prices low. We have more rural areas in Scotland so prices would go up.
81. No import or export taxes for the UK – We currently do not need to pay taxes to trade over the border but there is no guarantee that this would continue were Scotland to become independent, especially if it did not join the EU.
82. Lower licence fee – Scottish licence fee payers contribute around £300m but by clubbing together with the rest of the UK, we get about £3.6bn worth of programmes. Viewers outside the UK pay for things like iPlayer. In an independent Scotland we may have to pay a higher fee, like other small countries, for fewer programmes.
83. Keeping the BBC – There is no benefit to losing the BBC, and no guarantee that we would keep it in an independent Scotland. We rightly want distinctively Scottish programmes, but we currently pay 8% of the license fee money and will in the coming year receive an estimated 10% of its expenditure.
84. Culturally influential – The UK has been voted the most culturally influential nation of earth. That is a mixture of Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland. As part of this mix, we play an important role and can promote Scottishness and Britishness. Alone, we are not as influential.
85. A successful Scottish Parliament – We have a powerful Scottish Parliament with power over some of the most important aspects of Scottish life: hospitals, schools, police and transport. But we have the security of a strong UK, one of the biggest economies in the world, to back it up and give it the power it needs.
86. Trade unions are campaigning to stay in the UK – GMB, Community, ASLEF, CWU, Usdaw and NUM are campaigning against separation as they know it is better for their members if Scotland stays in the UK.
87. Sharing the UK debt – An independent Scotland would be responsible for repaying the UK for a fair and proportionate share of its debt. However this was decided, Scotland would have large existing debts for a relatively small country.
88. Keeping Lloyds and RBS in Scotland – A senior banker has said that under EU law RBS and Lloyds may be forced to move their registered offices or legal homes to London, as they should be located where the group has the bulk of its activities (which is England).
89. Better broadband support – Scottish communities received one fifth of UK Government money spent improving broadband in rural areas, despite only making up 8% of the population. As technology improves, we will need the strength of the UK to keep our very large rural population up to speed.
90. High public spending – Public spending in Scotland is about £1,200 higher per person than the UK level. The rest of the country supports us, and we would need to find the money somewhere to keep up the public spending.
91. Easy to travel to work – Around 30,000 people travel in and out of Scotland each day to work. It is simple because we are all the same country, but these people would find this more difficult if there was a border between our countries.
92. Lower interest rates on Scotland’s borrowing – An independent Scotland would have to establish a new system for managing its currency and borrowing money on financial markets for the first time. Most experts agree that this would mean that an independent Scotland would pay higher interest rates than it does as part of the UK.
93. We think we are financially better off in the UK – The 2013 Scottish Social Attitudes Survey found that only 9% of Scots thought that Scottish independence would make them financially better off. That’s five percentage points less than those who believe aliens have visited Earth in UFOs.
94. Better to be part of a big economy – Scotland’s economy isn’t as big as the SNP claim, with a recent Glasgow University study saying that the due to the high number of non-Scottish firms operating in Scotland, our actual income is as much as £2,990 less per head than Salmond suggests. More than 70% of Scotland’s total economic output – excluding banking and finance and the public sector – is controlled by non-Scottish-owned firms. The UK, however, is the sixth biggest economy in the world.
95. Encouraging foreign investment – Scotland had 82 overseas funded projects last year, up from 76 the year before, and second only to London. The UK has always attracted firms to do business here, but that could be at risk if Scotland were to go independent and separate itself from the ‘UK brand’.
96. It’s a vote for social justice – Social justice, as said by former Prime Minister Gordon Brown, is not advanced by retreating into independence.
97. Sharing NHS resources – In the UK we benefit from reciprocal arrangements for the NHS in England. If we need to visit a specialised surgeon south of the border, we can go there to get the best treatment available.
98. Stable banking sector – An independent Scotland would have a banking sector that’s over 12 times the size of our economy, meaning big risks if there was another crisis like the one in 2008. The UK brings us stability and strength in the sector.
99. Young people want to remain in the UK – A survey by the University of Edinburgh showed that 64% of people under 18 back Scotland remaining in the UK, compared with 36% supporting separation. They are our future and we should be thinking of them when we cast our vote.